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Last updated:

October 14, 2022

Duration:

Unlimited Duration

FREE

This course includes:

Unlimited Duration

Badge on Completion

Certificate of completion

Unlimited Duration

Description

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere,

the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus’ atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence, and stationary waves among other problems. The quasi-geostrophic approximation is derived, and the resulting equations are used to examine the hydrodynamic stability of the circulation with applications ranging from convective adjustment to climate.

Course Curriculum

  • Introductory Remarks Unlimited
  • Simple Energy Balance Climate Models Unlimited
  • Effect of Transport on Composition Unlimited
  • Statics of a Rotating System Unlimited
  • Observed Atmospheric Structures Unlimited
  • Equations of Motion Unlimited
  • Symmetric Circulation Models Unlimited
  • Internal Gravity Waves: Basics Unlimited
  • Atmospheric Tides Unlimited
  • Variable Basic States Unlimited
  • Rossby Waves Unlimited
  • Vorticity and Quasi-Geostrophy Unlimited
  • The Generation of Eddies by Instability Unlimited

About the instructor

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology