This course, Hadrian's Rome, explores the city of Rome during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-38 CE). What impact did the emperor have on the appearance of the city? What types of structures were built and why? And how did the choices that Hadrian made relate to those of his predecessors, and also of his successors?
IntroductionThis course, Hadrian’s Rome, explores the city of Rome during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117–138 CE). What impact did the emperor have upon the appearance of the city? What types of structures were built and why? And how did the choices that Hadrian made relate to those of his predecessors, and also of his successors? Hadrian provides an interesting case study. He was a well-travelled emperor, who spent much of his reign away from Rome, surveying the empire. This might suggest that, to Hadrian, Rome was not of central importance. However, he was a prolific builder and funded extensive building schemes in Rome. He grasped the symbolic importance of the city as the hub of the empire, a place where the emperor needed to make his presence felt, even in his absence. Furthermore, Rome under Hadrian saw some architectural innovations and was a place that was embellished and influenced by the riches of empire. Hadrian’s reign underlined that Rome and empire were integrated rather than separated.
Learning OutcomesAfter studying this course, you should be able to:
- Demonstrate a critical understanding of a range of types of evidence for Hadrianic Rome, including literary sources, inscriptions, coins, and buildings
- Describe the impact Hadrian had upon the appearance of the city of Rome
- Compare and contrast different interpretations of the Pantheon and other Hadrianic monuments
- Discuss how the wider Roman empire was visible in the art and architecture of Hadrianic Rome
- Evaluate the significance of commemoration after death to emperors, and how this was linked to divine rights to rule.
- Introducing Hadrian 01:00:00
- Hadrianic Monuments in Rome 03:00:00
- Death, Divinity and the Emperor 02:50:00
- Readings 00:30:00
- Primary Source 2 Dio Cassius 69, 2.5; 69.4–5.2; 69.7, 1–4; 69.23 00:20:00
- Primary Source 3 Dio Cassius 53, 27.1–4 00:20:00
- Primary Source 4 Hadrian’s speech on Matidia 00:20:00
- Primary Source 5 An inscription from Hadrian’s mausoleum 00:10:00
- Reading 1 Mary Boatwright, Hadrian and the City of Rome 00:30:00
- Reading 2 Penelope Davies, Death and the Emperor 00:40:00
About the instructor