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Last updated:

April 8, 2022


28 Days


This course includes:

28 Days

Badge on Completion

Certificate of completion

28 Days


There are so many potential hazards at a construction site, and personal protective equipment (PPE) is one of the workers’ primary lines of defense. Each item is designed to minimize exposure to certain risks of injury or illness, as well as the damage caused by those hazards in the event of a mishap.

The construction industry reports the highest number of fatal injury accidents every year. Even after thorough risk assessments and the implementation of adequate controls into a work environment, workers could still be subject to health and safety risks from hazards, which is why PPE is so important. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) includes all equipment (even those used to protect against adverse weather conditions) used to protect employees from health and safety risks they might encounter at work, including injuries to the lungs, head, eyes, ears and skin. Where required, wearing task-appropriate, well-fitted PPE can be the difference between life and death in the event of an accident. Every individual construction site and job duty should be evaluated for specific and unique dangers, and appropriate personal protective equipment required. Some common classes of hazards at construction sites with risks that can be mitigated with appropriated PPE include electrical, fall, chemical, harmful dust, struck-by, penetration, caught-in and caught-between, rollover, and heat. It’s important that workers use PPE that is properly fitted. Each piece should stay on securely without causing discomfort or limited mobility; clothing and other items should not be loose, as this creates dangers for tripping, getting caught in moving parts, etc. Below is a quick look at some basic personal protective equipment.

PPE for Construction Crews

  • Hard hats – These are essential at most construction sites. They protect against head injuries related to swinging or falling objects, striking the head against something, or accidental head contact with an electrical hazard. Hard hats should be inspected for dents, cracks, and other damage prior to each use; damaged ones should never be worn.
  • Foot protection – This often refers to steel-toe boots. Work boots should be worn on a site that protects against crushed toes due to heavy or falling equipment or materials. They also need puncture-resistant, nonslip soles, as work surfaces can have sharp objects on them, and slips are a major hazard at the job site.
  • Hand protection – Different types of work gloves are best suited to particular tasks and risks at construction sites. For example, there are heavy-duty leather and canvas gloves for protection against cuts and burns, welding gloves for welders, heavy-duty rubber gloves for working with concrete, insulated gloves with sleeves for working with electric hazards, and chemical-resistant gloves for working with chemical agents.
  • Work pants and work shirts – Workers should protect their full legs, full arms, and torso against cuts, scrapes, burns, and other superficial injuries with thick, flexible work pants and shirts. These should fit closely and never be baggy while allowing for maximum mobility.
  • Face and/or eye protection – Safety glasses or face shields should be worn whenever there is a danger of flying debris or harmful dust getting in the eyes. Cutting, grinding, welding, chipping, and nailing are some activities that necessitate protective eyewear. Along with basic safety glasses, some other protective wears for the face include welding shields, chemical splash goggles, and dust goggles.
  • Hearing protection – Chainsaws, jackhammers, and other tools and heavy equipment create noise levels that can damage workers’ hearing—particularly with prolonged exposure. Pre-molded or formable earplugs are usually the best bet, but acoustic foam-lined ear muffs that tightly seal against the head can work well too.
  • Reflective/high-visibility garments – Brightly colored and/or reflective jackets, vests, or other upper-body clothing is important for worker visibility. It’s generally advisable to wear it at all times at a job site, but it’s especially crucial along active roadways, in low lighting, and for dusk and nighttime work. In certain circumstances, it’s mandated by OSHA.

Other Personal Protective Equipment

This certainly doesn’t cover all types of PPE. Personal fall protection, for example, is an entire class of personal protective equipment. There are numerous varieties for all types of elevated construction work. Respiratory protection is another important class at sites where workers are exposed to airborne hazards. Again, every job site and every task must be individually assessed for potential dangers, and workers must be made to wear appropriate personal protective equipment for the situation.

Course Curriculum

    • PPE 00:10:00
    • Who pays for PPE 00:10:00
    • Correct use of PPE 00:10:00
    • Hazards of PPE 00:10:00
    • Impaired 00:10:00
    • Adequate Protection 00:10:00
    • Written PPE Program 00:10:00
    • Comprehensive PPE Program 00:10:00
    • What is PPE? 00:15:00
    • Head Injuries 00:10:00
    • Head Protection 00:10:00
    • Protective Hat Types 00:10:00
    • Helmets Construction 00:10:00
    • Helmet Inspection and Maintenance 00:10:00
    • Eye and Face Protection 00:05:00
    • Eye Hazards 00:10:00
    • Minimum Requirements 00:10:00
    • Proper Selection 00:10:00
    • Eye Protection 00:30:00
    • Hearing Protection 00:15:00
    • Why use Hand Protection 00:10:00
    • Types of Hand Protection 00:00:00
    • Why Foot Protection 00:10:00
    • Types of Foot Protection 00:00:00
    • Safety Shoes 00:00:00
    • Fall Protection Equipment 00:10:00
    • Safety Nets 00:10:00
    • Other Hazards 00:00:00
    • Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment for Construction Test 00:45:00

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