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Created by:

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Last updated:

April 21, 2022

Duration:

Unlimited Duration

FREE

This course includes:

Unlimited Duration

Badge on Completion

Certificate of completion

Unlimited Duration

Description

How do we become individuals?

This course, The making of individual differences, looks at how genes and the environment interact making each of us unique. Looking at the period between conception and birth you will examine the issues of nature or nurture to see which has the greatest impact.

Course learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • Recognise definitions and applications of each of the terms printed in the text
  • Critically evaluate statements about the influence of the genome on behaviour
  • Explain the ways in which genetic and environmental factors influence the development of the nervous system
  • Provide examples of the influence of genetic and environmental factors on the development of the nervous system and behaviour
  • Recognise the importance and discuss some aspects of the control of axon growth.

Course Curriculum

  • Introduction 00:10:00
  • Learning outcomes 00:07:00
    • Introduction 00:25:00
    • The ‘genes and behaviour’ problem 00:25:00
    • Growth and development: the big picture 01:00:00
    • Introduction 00:10:00
    • Small babies 00:30:00
    • Plasticity and permanency 00:20:00
    • Sensitive periods 00:30:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • Parental behaviour 00:07:00
    • Licking/grooming-arched back nursing 00:40:00
    • Small babies: the sequel 00:40:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • The nervous system 00:07:00
    • Sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) 00:50:00
    • Transcription factors 00:15:00
    • Retinoic acid 00:25:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • The intricacies of neuron growth 00:15:00
    • The growing axon: growth cones 00:30:00
    • Directing the growth cone 00:10:00
    • Crossing the midline: a case study 00:40:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • Neuron proliferation 00:05:00
    • Selected to survive: studies of the PNS 00:20:00
    • Selected to die: studies of the CNS 00:30:00
    • Elixirs of the nervous system: neurotrophins 00:25:00
    • What do neurotrophins do? 00:05:00
    • Synaptogenesis 00:10:00
    • Neurogenesis 00:10:00
    • Summary of Section 00:10:00
    • Genes and behaviour 00:25:00
    • Wilson’s disease 00:20:00
    • Lissencephaly 00:15:00
    • Fragile X syndrome 00:20:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • The psychological arena 00:05:00
    • Antisocial behaviour disease 00:15:00
    • Monoamine oxidase A, maltreatment during childhood and later violence 00:40:00
    • Summary of Section 00:05:00
    • Course summary 00:10:00
    • End of course questions 01:00:00

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